Sunday, March 20, 2011

Building a Hospital

Plots are primarily classified into four categories: residential, commercial, industrial and amenity. Amenity plots are meant for parks, schools, colleges, universities and hospitals. Amenity plots are allocated by the relevant authorities and the procedure varies depending on the area the hospital will be located in.
The construction of a hospital should adhere to government bylaws. These include:
1) The plot allocation must be approved by the relevant Building Control Authority.
2) The structure and design must adhere to the Building Code, which is drafted by the provincial government.
3) Space for the emergency parking facilities for ambulances and visitors should be adequate. The size of the parking spaces varies according to the size of the plot.
4) If there are multiple storeys, separate elevators should be provided for visitors and patients. The visitors elevator should be large enough to accommodate a minimum of six people.
5) For staircases, the height of each step should not exceed six inches, and the width of each step should be a minimum of ten inches.
6) A working fire safety system, which includes a sprinkler system and emergency exits on every floor, should be in place.
7) All patients rooms should have windows and a proper ventilation system
8) For every 10 beds in a general ward, a separate WC and bathroom should be allocated, in addition to a separate wash basin and sink.
9) All solid medical waste should be classified by the hospital as either hazardous or non-hazardous and disposed of accordingly.
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