Thursday, June 26, 2014

Designing Football Sports Stadium

Architects and engineers involved in the design and construction of football stadiums should factor in the following to maximize design efficiency without compromising on the spectator experience.

Location. Select a location that is easily accessible via the city’s major thoroughfares.

Size. Football stadiums are usually constructed on plots ranging between 10 and 15 acres given that provision for ample parking space has to be made as well.  The capacity of a football stadium usually ranges between 30,000 and 50,000 spectators.

Design. During construction, ensure that the football orientation factors in the angle of sunlight with respect to the pitch because while designers want to avoid shadows on the field or the sun’s glare for spectators, they also need to ensure sufficient sunlight for viewing and playing.

Pitch. Playing fields usually measure 105 x 68 meters or 125 x 85 meters. Ground maintenance teams should ensure that the pitch is smooth, with adequate watering and drainage systems. In countries, where temperatures are high, alternatives such as artificial turfs are ideal because they do not require sunlight and the football stadium can therefore be covered.

Safety. The year 2014 makes the 25th anniversary of the Hillsborough disaster in which 96 people lost their lives due to a lack of safety measures. Since then, the concerned authorities recommended stricter safety and security regulations, and builders therefore need to make sure that the prescribed number of safety exits are in place with clear pathways, and that an adequate number of surveillance and first aid centers are located within the premises.

Features. Among other considerations, designers should account for VIP lounges, cafeterias, restrooms, parking lots, flood lights and announcement systems. The number of these amenities varies according to the football stadium’s capacity.